Missionaries dating

Bezeklik , 9thth century; although Albert von Le Coq assumed the blue-eyed , red-haired monk was a Tocharian , [41] modern scholarship has identified similar Caucasian figures of the same cave temple No. The Emperor Ashoka was a significant early Buddhist missioner. In the 3rd century BCE, Dharmaraksita —among others—was sent out by emperor Ashoka to proselytize[ citation needed ] the Buddhist tradition through the Indian Maurya Empire , but also into the Mediterranean as far as Greece.

Gradually, all India and the neighboring island of Ceylon were converted. Dharmaraksa came to the Chinese capital of Luoyang in CE, where he made the first known translations of the Lotus Sutra and the Dasabhumika Sutra , which were to become some of the classic texts of Chinese Mahayana Buddhism.

Buddhism expanded rapidly, especially among the common people, and by most of the people of northwest China were Buddhist. Seong of Baekje , known as a great patron of Buddhism in Korea , built many temples and welcomed priests bringing Buddhist texts directly from India.

In , Baekje officially adopted Buddhism as its state religion. He sent tribute missions to Liang in and , on the second occasion requesting artisans as well as various Buddhist works and a teacher. According to Chinese records, all these requests were granted.

A subsequent mission was sent in , only to find the Liang capital in the hands of the rebel Hou Jing , who threw them in prison for lamenting the fall of the capital. He is credited with having sent a mission in to Japan that brought an image of Shakyamuni and several sutras to the Japanese court. This has traditionally been considered the official introduction of Buddhism to Japan. First supported by the Soga clan, Buddhism rose over the objections of the pro-Shinto Mononobe [46] and Buddhism entrenched itself in Japan with the conversion of Prince Shotoku Taishi.

The use of missions, councils, and monastic institutions influenced the emergence of Christian missions and organizations, which developed similar structures in places that were formerly Buddhist missions.

Blavatsky and the Buddhist Society, London spread interest in Buddhism. Writers such as Hermann Hesse and Jack Kerouac , in the West, and the hippie generation of the late s and early s led to a re-discovery of Buddhism. During the 20th and 21st centuries Buddhism has again been propagated by missionaries[ citation needed ] into the West such as the Dalai Lama and monks including Lama Surya Das Tibetan Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism has been significantly active and successful in the West since the Chinese takeover of Tibet in Many non-Asian Canadians embraced Buddhism in various traditions and some have become leaders in their respective sanghas. In the early s, the French Buddhist Union UBF, founded in estimated that there are , to , Buddhists in France, with , French converts among them.

Plum Village , a monastery and retreat center in the Dordogne in southern France, is his residence and the headquarters of his international sangha.

This group has a relatively large centre where a teacher and some students live permanently. Perhaps the most widely visible Buddhist leader in the world is Tenzin Gyatso , the current Dalai Lama , who first visited the United States in He has attracted celebrity religious followers such as Richard Gere and Adam Yauch.

Thurman , now an academic supporter of the Dalai Lama. Hopfe in his "Religions of the World" suggested that "Buddhism is perhaps on the verge of another great missionary outreach" Hindu missions[ edit ] Hinduism was introduced into Java by travelers from India in ancient times.

When the early Javanese princes accepted Hinduism, they did not give up all of their early animistic beliefs—they simply combined the new ideas with them. Several centuries ago, many Hindus left Java for Bali rather than convert to Islam. Hinduism has survived in Bali ever since. He was an important promoter of the idea of moksha in Indonesia.

He founded the Shaivite priesthood that is now ubiquitous in Bali, and is now regarded as the ancestor of all Shaivite pandits.

Since the s, many westerners attracted by the world view presented in Asian religious systems have converted to Hinduism. Paramahansa Yogananda , an Indian yogi and guru , introduced many westerners to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his book, Autobiography of a Yogi. Sikh missions[ edit ] Sikhs have emigrated to countries all over the world, especially to English-speaking and East Asian nations. In doing so they have retained, to a high degree, their distinctive cultural and religious identity.

Sikhs are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of larger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. However, they can be found in many international cities and have become an especially strong religious presence in the United Kingdom and Canada.


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